Bright Science! DIY Layers of the Sun Craft

Aug 23, 2020

The Knowledge Nest - Community and Society


Welcome to The Knowledge Nest, your go-to source for engaging and educational content! In this blog post, we are excited to present our DIY Layers of the Sun Craft. Delve into the depths of our nearest star as we explore its fascinating structure and characteristics through an interactive and educational crafting activity. Join us in this hands-on experience and discover the wonders of the sun!

Why Understand the Layers of the Sun?

The sun is a powerful celestial body that plays a crucial role in sustaining life on Earth. By understanding its layers, we gain valuable insights into the mechanisms driving its energy production, its impact on our climate, and the dynamics of our solar system. This knowledge offers a foundation for comprehending various scientific concepts and fosters a deeper appreciation for the world around us.

Layer 1: The Core

The core is the heart of the sun, where nuclear fusion takes place, releasing massive amounts of energy in the form of light and heat. This region is incredibly hot, with temperatures reaching millions of degrees Celsius. The core's immense pressure and temperature create an environment where hydrogen atoms fuse to form helium, generating the sun's energy.

Layer 2: The Radiative Zone

Surrounding the core, the radiative zone is characterized by intense heat and the transfer of energy through radiation. Photons produced in the core travel through this layer as a result of multiple scattering and absorption processes. It takes thousands of years for a photon to traverse the radiative zone due to its density, as the energy gradually dissipates towards the surface of the sun.

Layer 3: The Convective Zone

Located above the radiative zone, the convective zone is where energy transport occurs through convection. Here, hot plasma rises to the surface, while cooler plasma sinks back towards the core in a cyclic pattern. This variation creates a dynamic and constantly shifting environment within this layer.

Layer 4: The Photosphere

The photosphere is the visible surface of the sun, emitting the light that reaches Earth. It appears as a bright disk due to the enormous amount of energy released from the core. This layer exhibits various features, including sunspots, faculae, and granules, which contribute to the sun's vibrant and ever-changing appearance.

Layer 5: The Chromosphere

Above the photosphere lies the chromosphere, a region characterized by its reddish glow during solar eclipses. This layer contains fascinating phenomena such as spicules, prominences, and plages. The chromosphere bridges the gap between the photosphere and the outermost layer of the sun, the corona.

Layer 6: The Corona

The corona is the sun's outermost layer, extending millions of kilometers into space. Although it is difficult to observe directly, the corona becomes visible during total solar eclipses. This layer displays intricate structures, such as coronal loops and solar flares, as well as the solar wind that interacts with Earth's magnetic field, affecting our planet's magnetosphere and weather patterns.

Crafting the Layers of the Sun

Now that you have gained an understanding of the sun's remarkable layers, it's time to create a DIY craft that showcases this knowledge. Gather the following materials:

  • Construction paper (orange, yellow, white, red)
  • Scissors
  • Glue
  • Markers
  • Black construction paper or cardboard (for the base)

Follow these steps to create your Layers of the Sun Craft:

  1. Start by cutting out a large circle from the orange construction paper. This represents the photosphere, the sun's visible surface.
  2. Next, cut out a slightly smaller circle from the yellow construction paper. This represents the chromosphere, located above the photosphere.
  3. From the white construction paper, cut out a smaller circle than the previous ones. This represents the corona, the sun's outermost layer.
  4. Glue the circles on top of each other, with the orange one as the base, followed by the yellow, and then the white.
  5. Using the red construction paper, cut out small triangles or flame-like shapes to represent solar flares. Glue them onto the top layer.
  6. Finally, attach the completed layers onto the black construction paper or cardboard to serve as the backdrop.

As you assemble the craft, reflect on the distinct characteristics and significance of each layer. Let your creativity shine as you decorate your craft with markers or additional details.


Congratulations on completing your Bright Science! DIY Layers of the Sun Craft! Through this hands-on activity, you have embarked on a journey to explore the sun's intricate layers, from the core to the corona. Revisit this craft whenever you want to reinforce your knowledge or inspire others to delve into the wonders of the sun.

At The Knowledge Nest, we believe in making learning fun and engaging. We invite you to explore our wide range of educational resources and activities, designed to nurture curiosity and ignite a passion for knowledge. Join our community and embark on an enriching learning journey with us today!

Charles Tyson
I can't wait to try this craft with my kids! It's a fun and interactive way to teach them about the layers of the Sun. Thanks for sharing!
Nov 12, 2023
Brent Applebaum
This craft is a great way to learn about the layers of the Sun!
Nov 8, 2023